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The shipwreck of a 17th century Spanish ship found off the coast of Panama is making headlines these days, although it was discovered in 2011. A large number of investigations have been carried out and the underwater archaeologists in charge of the investigation They have discovered many facts about this ship that had been under the waters of the sea for 334 years.
The ship has been identified as a Spanish colonial merchant ship that has the name of Our Lady of the Incarnation, which was shipwrecked in 1681 at the mouth of the Chagres River, in the Central American country, during a strong storm.
As Frederick Hanselmann, from the Meadows Center for Water and Environment, an entity attached to Texas State University, advanced, both he and his colleagues found the ship accidentally in 2011, on a search for five ships that belonged to Henry Morgan, the well-known 17th-century pirate, ships believed to have been shipwrecked in 1671 when they were heading to Panama City to loot it.
It also stated that: “The ship has a wide variety of artifacts inside, especially more than 100 wooden boxes that have horseshoes, ceramics, nails, scissors and sword blades inside.”.
I declare that very few Spanish vessels have been found let alone those that are in such a good state of preservation, so much information can be obtained as more research is carried out.
Contrary to what happens with many other shipwrecks, this one was at a depth of 12 meters and one of the reasons why it is in such good condition is that, despite being 334 years old, it was covered in a layer of more than a meter and a half of muddy sand and silt, which allowed the action of salt water to be less direct on wood and metals.
After different studies, different data about it are already known, such as that It was built in the Mexican town of Veracruz and that it was part of the fleet known as Tierra Firme, providing transportation services between the Panamanian city of Portobelo and Cartagena in Colombia.
This ship carried different supplies for the colonists mainly, where precious metals, pearls and emeralds were found among other valuable goods.
The investigations are ongoing and it has been advanced that all the artifacts belong, by law, to Panama, and all of them are being studied and preserved in the laboratory of the Patronato Panamá Viejo, the entity that manages the historic site and the museum of the old city. from Panama.
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